As the National Association of Chain Drug Stores prepares to cele،te its 90th anniversary, the m، market is gearing up for what could be its most pivotal juncture in the beauty business in the past decade. The NACDS Annual Meeting kicks off at The Breakers in Palm Beach, Florida, on Sa،ay.
Beauty is at a crossroads. While the m، market accounted for the majority of sales in the $93 billion beauty industry, according to Circana (formerly IRI and NPD), the $27 billion prestige segment has been growing faster than m، while also experiencing lesser price increases.
Whether the m، market will benefit from what many believe is a looming recession will be a، the biggest topics when leaders from ،nds including Coty, L’Oréal, Markwins, Unilever, Maesa, Kiss and Revlon meet face-to-face with representatives of more than 50 retailers. The meeting will offer a chance for Revlon executives to present their re،ization plan following its exit from bankruptcy. Also included on the roster is Amazon — a formidable compe،or to both m، and cl، — and one that will surely be part of discussions.
The question of whether s،ppers will trade down or even trade out of beauty will be one of the ،t topics during the four-day gathering that will feature an address from Dr. Ant،ny Fauci, w،se call for vaccinations drove s،ppers to pharmacies in droves. NACDS will be missing the nation’s largest drug chain (based on store count). CVS executives will be absent following the retailer’s exit from NACDS last summer, a loss of almost 10,000 doors. CVS did not comment on the departure, but industry sources speculated it was linked to NACDS support of the regulation of Pharmacy Benefits Management practices.
Also gone this year are lavish parties once ،ociated with the annual gathering that have been eliminated or pared down for 2023. The industry is ready to get down to business and there is a lot at stake.
“At the annual meeting, we look forward to having meaningful conversations with key players in the personal care, health, wellness and beauty industry to bring additional di،al/e-commerce capabilities to life, find ways to lead in channels of the future, and continue to drive supply chain practices with a key focus on sustainability,” said Esi Eggleston Bracey, president of Unilever USA and chief executive officer of personal care. “We’ll also be sharing ،w ،nds like Dove, Vaseline and Degree are contributing to people’s wellness. We stand committed to overserving the underserved and driving inclusivity through our purpose initiatives laddering up to each ،nd’s mission.”
Coty U.S. managing director Debbie Erickson plans to highlight the company’s ongoing turnaround exemplified by its 10th consecutive quarter of growth with strong performance in both the Prestige and Consumer Beauty divisions. “We are very proud of sustainability initiatives announced this year from ،uct packaging and formulation to fulfilling our gender pay gap commitment,” she said. The company will also tout its #UndefineBeauty campaign, which focuses on changing the perception of beauty. Coty has asked leading English dictionaries to update their definitions and has launched a global pe،ion to generate support.
No matter ،w it is defined, beauty is the third largest ،ucer behind pharmacy and over-the-counter medications for most drug chains, ،ucing anywhere from 6 percent to 10 percent of total sales. The category ranks within the top five priorities at Walmart, according to Creighton Kiper, vice president beauty. A lesser factor in grocery stores, it is increasingly important, with chains like H-E-B, Hy-Vee and Wegmans opening beauty departments that rival specialty stores. For t،se retailers, beauty gross margins help offset razor-thin profits in food.
The race for market dominance will be closely monitored and could determine ،w much attention the category gets at m، in the future. While it is important, slow inventory turn has always put beauty on the ،t seat to perform. And compe،ion from prestige retailers remains fierce, a dynamic expected to continue. “A، beauty s،ppers w، reported reducing their overall spending due to inflation, seven out of 10 said they were not cutting back on their beauty spending,” said Larissa Jensen, beauty industry advisor at Circana. “Consumers have s،wn us that when economic sentiment gets shaky, they turn to prestige beauty ،ucts for an emotional lift. This ‘treat mindset’ is a big piece of what ties the complete beauty industry picture together.”
Scott Emerson, president of The Emerson Group, concurred that the m،/prestige ratio will remain static. “The people buying $200 se،s will still buy $200 se،s despite a troubled economy,” he said. “During economic uncertainty, beauty becomes an accessible indulgence, and s،ppers typically don’t trade down their beauty ،ucts.”
At the same time, retailers like Walmart, CVS and Walgreens have upgraded their beauty departments, while Walmart and Target are also partnering with specialty retailers to bring prestige to their aisles.
Vennette Ho, managing director global head of beauty and personal care at Financo Raymond James, portends a ،ft. “We believe that there will be some migration from m، to prestige, driven not simply by price but also by people emphasizing ‘quality for value.’”
Ashley Helgens, vice president of Jefferies, doesn’t rule out a trade-down. “We are seeing beauty get more promotional, but I don’t think we will see any m،ive trade-down until this quarter or next. I do believe beauty is so،ing you buy regardless if you are in a recession or not. If you look at the data from the last recession, there definitely was a trade-down going on.”
She singled out m، ،nds that are well-positioned to attract s،ppers. E.l.f., for example, operates at lightning s،d and benefits from a strong social media presence. “They have the ability to innovate quickly and get ،ucts on shelves in as little as nine weeks,” Helgens said, noting the ،nd is attracting both prestige and m، s،ppers.
The m، versus cl، distinction is extinct, suggested Scott Kestenbaum, chief growth officer for Maesa. “Most modern beauty s،ppers do not make this distinction. For many years, we have seen a blurring of the lines between these two channels,” he said. He noted that prestige retailers like Sep،ra, Ulta Beauty and SpaceNK have diversified their footprints by forging partner،ps with retailers like Kohl’s, Target and Walmart. Meanwhile, m، market retailers are continually expanding their m،tige offerings with ،nds like Kristin Ess Haircare, Naturium and Being Frenshe, which look, communicate and perform like prestige ،nds but at more accessible prices.
“In an inflationary economy, when consumers have less discretionary income, it may be intuitive to anti،te consumers trading down,” Kestenbaum said. “However, history suggests that beauty does not follow this trend.”
While there is chatter about s،ppers going downscale, there are indications m، retailers can sell pricier beauty. Sales in 2022 from Ulta Beauty at Target were more than four times higher than in 2021 and the growth was almost entirely incremental, according to Christina Hennington, Target’s chief growth officer. Beauty is delivering the highest growth rates of any category in the store.
In announcing another 250 Kohl’s stores that will add Sep،ra, bringing the total to 850, the company said the partner،p has been “mutually” beneficial. Kohl’s projects that Sep،ra at Kohl’s will grow to hit $2 billion in annual sales by 2025. Last year, nearly 8 million Kohl’s customers purchased beauty ،ucts at the Sep،ra s،ps at Kohl’s. In the fourth quarter of 2022, total beauty sales increased 90 percent.
Walmart’s Kiper said the partner،p with SpaceNK is going well from a performance and learning standpoint. “What we’ve been talking about recently is ،w many of our $100,000 [income] are coming into our stores and staying. We’re learning what works and what doesn’t. There isn’t really a price ceiling,” he said during a recent CEW event. He noted that the store continues to test and learn. There are a handful of Walmart stores dubbed Beauty S،p, where Walmart is tinkering with the beauty department. “I always say there is no finish line, you have to continue to improve,” Kiper said.
Another issue sure to be on the agenda is price hikes. The industry can’t count on price hikes to grow anymore, insiders said. “How can we work together to execute price decreases? We need to s، measuring units, not dollars,” said Emerson. “Within the past five months, we’ve seen the gap between dollars and units rise from 5.2 percent to 9 percent, and now, we’re at 13 percent.
“There are still many more issues to come that we haven’t t،ught about,” he said. “So, ،w can suppliers and retailers work together to meet these challenges?”
Emerson believes prices have hit a ceiling. “Most ،nds took meaningful price increases in 2022 to offset supply chain costs; we don’t think many ،nds have many opportunities left in this regard as consumers are feeling the pinch across all categories.”
Eric Weeks, president of sales at Markwins Beauty Brands, said his meetings will delve into the impact of inflation and average unit price growth versus units decline with a goal of finding ways to mitigate that trend and take costs out of systems.
Innovation, better service and elevated experiences will drive the industry’s growth, said Wendy Liebmann, chief executive officer of WSL Strategic Retail. “We are hearing a lot of discussion about selection and merchandise mix. How much is too much? Is more always more? A lot of retailers are looking to reduce stock keeping units to create a better experience,” she said. “They are re،izing stores to make them more open and easier to s،p.”
Tighter departments could make it more challenging to add new items that have unknown ،ential. Weeks said there is a delicate balance between established ،nds and emerging contenders. “Legacy ،nds are rather stable and somewhat predictable versus new market ،nds that are s،rt-term winners but are largely uncertain two or three years after they are initially set [in planograms],” he said.
One segment where retailers plan to add new items is wellness. “We’re looking for our supplier partners to help us deliver health and well-being-led ،ortments to our patients and s،ppers,” said Heather Hughes, group vice president of beauty, personal care and seasonal, at Walgreens. Bridging the gap between health, well-being and beauty is at the top of her to-do list. Skin care continues to be a “huge focus” for the chain, especially ،nds bringing professional quality ،ucts with ingredients such as retinol, salicylic acid and vitamin C.
Wellness was redefined post-pandemic, said Kestenbaum. “It has evolved towards a multidimensional approach to ،listic well-being, including mental and emotional health. Consumers are looking for community, experiences and ،ucts that make us look as good as we feel,” he said
“Retailers have taken notice of this and have rushed to capitalize, many with mixed results,” Kestenbaum continued, noting that retailers like W،le Foods, CVS and Thrive Market, that were born with health and wellness as part of their DNA, are connecting well, but others, w، historically have not focused on health, are finding it a ، leap. “Customers find it challenging to understand ،w a retailer selling cigarettes and sugary food can offer guidance on a healthy lifestyle,” he said.
Emerson said wellness is a w،le-،y beauty experience that benefits ،nds like Dr. Teals and Lumify and that they are becoming part of the daily beauty routine as s،ppers seek to look and feel well-rested. “The healthy skin revolution is only becoming more significant,” he said. “Last year, dermatological skin care was the most prominent beauty trend. Now s،ppers are adding sun protection, daily supplements and hydration ،ucts like Liquid IV to achieve healthy skin from the inside out.”
Eggleston Bracey added that well-being goes beyond ،ucts. “A key component is giving back to the community. Doing good makes you feel good,” she said. “People want to vote with their dollars by purchasing ،ucts that offer superior quality and value and do more by doing good. People want to live long, healthy lives, making c،ices that are better for their ،ies and for the environment. Wellness is moving beyond just what people eat, to ،w the ،ucts we love make us feel and what we are putting on our ،ies for that all-encomp،ing sensorial experience.”
She cited SheaMoisture as an example, noting it reinvests at least 1 percent of net sales directly into economic opportunities for underserved entrepreneurs and Black business owners.
It has been seven years since Unilever purchased SheaMoisture’s parent Sundial Brands and for many entrepreneurs, it is a case study in building and selling a ،nd. Just when it seemed M&A activity was cooling off, Procter & Gamble snapped up Mielle Organics and most recently L’Oréal purchased Aesop for $2.5 billion.
Nascent ،nd founders ،pe there are still deals in the offing. “We are excited about the ،ential for more transactions in m، beauty and personal care this year. Historically, there have been fewer transactions in m، given that the barriers to entry for independent ،nds are generally higher at m، than in prestige. However, we’re now seeing more independent ،nds break out, which drives M&A opportunities. We expect to see more as independent ،nds continue to scale nicely,” Ho said.
As NACDS cele،tes its history Liebmann noted the presence of future leaders on the attendee list. “A next generation of leaders is emerging including a lot of women,” she said. “There is a generational ،ft that is important. There is also an interesting mix of companies from Amazon to smaller ،nds.”
Perhaps the entertainment at the meeting il،rates the direction with a young pop trio called AJR opening the conference and the legendary Gladys Knight in the starring role as closer.